Digital Camera Tips:Terminology
Here's lesson 14 of "What You MUST Know To Get The Right Digital Camera!"
Digital Photography Terminology — What Do All Those Strange Words Mean? This sction on digital photography terminology brings us to the last lesson in our mini-course — the language and terminology of digital photography.
Digital photography includes many terms not used in
Digital Camera Terminology — What Do All Those Words Mean?
Aperture — An adjustable diaphragm
Automatic Mode — A setting that sets the focus, exposure and white-balance automatically.
Burst Mode or Continuous Capture Mode — a series of pictures taken one after another at quickly timed intervals with one press of the shutter button. It's perfect for action shots because it eliminates lag time for a series of pictures.
CCD — A light sensitive chip that
converts light into
CMOS — Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductors (pronounced Seemoss). Refers to a standard manufacturing process of making chips for computer microprocessors and memory. This process is also used in digital cameras.
Compression — The process of compacting digital data, images and text by deleting selected information.
Digital Zoom — Cropping and magnifying the center part of an image.
Dynamic Range — The ratio between the brightest and darkest parts of an image or scene.
JPEG — The predominant format used for image compression in digital cameras that compresses digital picture information to its lowest common value. It produces relatively small files from large amounts of image data by discarding certain information (lossy).
Lag Time — The pause between the time the shutter button is pressed and when the camera actually captures the image(exposes the shot). Lag time varies according to camera model.
LCD — (Liquid-Crystal Display) is a small screen on a digital camera (like a miniature computer monitor) for viewing images. Once the image leaves the CCD sensor, it can be viewed on the LCD to check for accurate composition and exposure.
Lens — A circular and transparent glass or plastic piece that has the function of collecting light and focusing it on the sensor to capture the image.
Megabyte — (MB) Measures 1024 Kilobytes, and refers to the amount of information in a file, or how much information can be contained on a Memory Card, Hard Drive or Disk.
Menu — A listing of camera functions usually displayed on the LCD screen.
Metering — The autoexposure mechanism that "measures" the light in the scene and determines the optimum exposure for the image, which allows compensation for difficult lighting situations.
Noise — The visible effects of electronic interference in the final image from a digital camera appearing as random spots, dots, or flecks of dust.
Optical Zoom — The magnification difference between minimum and maximum focal lengths in the lens system.
Pixels — Tiny units of color that make up digital pictures. Pixels also measure digital resolution. One million pixelsadds up to one megapixel.
RAM — Random Access Memory, the volatile memory used to temporarily store information for processing.
RAW —A lossless image format that captures raw data as it comes directly off the CCD, without in-camera processing, resulting in smaller files than TIFF. (Lossless means pixels are not discarded.) RAW files require a plugin to open.
RGB — Refers to Red, Green, Blue colors used on computers to create all other colors.
Resolution — Camera resolution
describes the number of pixels used to create the image,
which determines the amount of detail a camera can capture.
The more pixels a camera has, the
Scene Modes — Preset exposure/shutter speed combinations which include white balance and exposure compensation.
Storage Card — The removable storage
device which holds images taken with the camera, comparable
to film, but much smaller.
Thumbnail Index — A page that displays 9 or more miniature digital pictures in a grid. It can be compared to "contact sheets" of traditional photography.
TIFF — Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), an industry standard raster file format consisting of the image and header information. It is a "lossless" image format that doesn't throw away information in the compression process.
Viewfinder — The optical "window" to look through to compose the scene. It can be optical, electrical, or TT.
White Balance — White balancing
adjusts the camera to compensate for the type of light
(daylight, fluorescent, incandescent, etc.,) or lighting
conditions in the scene so it will look normal to the human
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Thank you so much for joining me on this digital camera
adventure tour. You have just completed 14 valuable basic
lessons that will help you select and buy an appropriate
digital camera for yourself or your family. Even though
you've learned a great deal, as you might have guessed,
this is just the beginning. To get the most out of your
digital camera, you'll want to learn more about how it works
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